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Motivation till beteendeförändring vid livsstilsintervention
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Feta personer har i genomsnitt 6–7 år kortare livslängd jämfört med normalviktiga, främst på grund av den ökade risken att dö i hjärt- och kärlsjukdomar. Bättre hälsa kan dock uppnås om vi ändrar vårt beteende och vår livsstil. Syftet med studien var att undersöka hur motivationen ser ut hos personer som ska eller just har påbörjat en livsstilsintervention vid den Beteendemedicinska mottagningen vid Norrlands Universitetssjukhus. En kvalitativ studie med semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med sju informanter. Resultatet visade att utifrån den Transteoretiska förändringsmodellen befann sex informanter sig i handlingsstadiet medan den sjunde befann sig i förberedelsestadiet. Sex informanter hade en autonom motivation medan den sjunde hade en mer kontrollerad motivation. Samtliga informanter, utom en, hyste en stor tilltro till sin förmåga att kunna genomföra beteendeförändringar. Informanterna ansåg att den största utmaningen med behandlingen var att skapa nya, hälsosamma vanor samt att hantera bakslag och vara uthållig i beteendeförändringen.

Abstract [en]

Obese people have an average of 6-7 years shorter life span compared to normal weight, mainly because of the increased risk of dying from cardiovascular disease. However better health can be achieved if we change our behavior and our lifestyle. The aim of the study was to examine the motivation in people who will, or recently have started a lifestyle intervention at a behavioral medicine clinic. A qualitative study using semi-structured interviews was conducted with seven informants. The results show that six informants were in the action stage while the seventh was in the preparation stage, based on the Transtheoretical model of change. Six informants had an autonomous motivation while the seventh had a more controlled motivation. All respondents, except one, had great confidence in their ability to implement behavioral changes. The informants believed that the main challenge with the treatment would be to create new, healthy habits and to manage setbacks and perseverance in behavior change.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [sv]
Beteendeförändring, livsstilsintervention, motivation
National Category
Social Sciences Psychology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71688OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-71688DiVA: diva2:625785
External cooperation
Norrlands Universitetssjukhus, Beteendemedicinska mottagningen
Subject / course
Examensarbete i psykologi
Educational program
Study Programme for University Diploma in Psychology
Available from: 2013-11-20 Created: 2013-06-05 Last updated: 2015-04-08Bibliographically approved

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