umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D Levels in Preschool-Age Children in Northern Sweden Are Inadequate After Summer and Diminish Further During Winter
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics. (Arcum)
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics. (Arcum)
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Paediatrics.
2013 (English)In: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - JPGN, ISSN 0277-2116, E-ISSN 1536-4801, Vol. 56, no 5, 551-555 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background and Objective: Despite studies indicating that vitamin D intake among Swedish children does not meet the recommendation, little is known of their vitamin D status. The aim of the present study was to examine vitamin D status in preschool-age children in relation to vitamin D intake, season, body mass index, and skin color. Methods: Preschool-age children (n = 90; mean age 54 +/- 7.1 months), all living in northern Sweden (latitude 63 degrees north), half of them with fair skin, half with darker complexion, were recruited from well-baby clinics. The study group was examined first in August-September (late summer) and then the following January-February (winter). Skin type, vitamin D intake, anthropometrics, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (S-25[OH] D), and serum parathyroid hormone were assessed. Results: Mean +/- SD S-25(OH) Din summer and winter were 60 +/- 15 nmol/L and 55 +/- 16 nmol/L, respectively (P < 0.001). Fifteen percent and 10% had S-25(OH) D >= 75 nmol/L, and 25% and 40% had S-25(OH) D < 50 nmol/L, respectively. The mean vitamin D intake was higher in dark-skinned compared with fair-skinned children. In spite of this, S-25(OH) D in dark-skinned children was lower compared with fair-skinned children during both seasons. The dietary intake of vitamin D was positively associated with S-25(OH) D levels. Conclusions: Vitamin D status is inadequate in preschool-age children living in northern Sweden, especially in dark-skinned children and during the winter despite vitamin D intakes meeting the recommendations, prompting strategies to improve intake of vitamin D in this population.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 56, no 5, 551-555 p.
Keyword [en]
child, latitude, season, serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D, vitamin D
National Category
Pediatrics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-72701DOI: 10.1097/MPG.0b013e3182838e5bISI: 000318021900024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-72701DiVA: diva2:627197
Available from: 2013-06-11 Created: 2013-06-10 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Öhlund, IngerSilfverdal, Sven-ArneHernell, OlleLind, Torbjörn
By organisation
Paediatrics
In the same journal
Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - JPGN
Pediatrics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 173 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf