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Ny teknik i hemmet: Mellersta norrland under fyra decennier
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of historical, philosophical and religious studies.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

During the first half of the 20th century, women’s work in the household altered. New technology was introduced as a help to make housework easier.This study contains a research on how new technology transformed housework. We have based this study on interviews where eight people born between 1924 and 1941 have participated. The questions deal with their experiences on how household work changed due to new technology. The general aim of this research is to study the impact new technology had on housework. Another focus point has been the purchases and who it was that decided what to buy or not. We have also analysed if the housewife experienced that she received more spare time after new technology had been introduced and if so, how she used the left over time. The qualification for enabling new technology, and by new technology we mean electrical devices, was of course that electricity had been installed and all of our informants experienced electricity during their childhood. The analysis discusses the informants’ experiences and is furthermore compared to previous research.The majority of our informants agreed that new technology decreased the amount of time spent doing housework and therefore they also believed that their spare time increased, however, the remaining informants said that they have little remembrance of having any spare time. They believe that the amount of house work was never-ending. The woman in the household decided on what to buy according to most of our informants, some said that the man decided and in one case the husband and wife had a mutual agreement on what to purchase.The results of how the informants received information about new technology are discussed in comparison to the conception of “consumption junction” mentioned by Ruth Schwarz Cowan about the choice the consumer make when deciding whether or not to purchase new technology. The concept “social constructions of technology” composed by Bijker and Pinch discuss that technology is formed by human pursuance and that the social context control how technology is being used. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 40 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-72803OAI: diva2:627835
Subject / course
Examensarbete för lärarexamen
Educational program
Teacher Education Programme
Available from: 2016-03-02 Created: 2013-06-12 Last updated: 2016-03-02Bibliographically approved

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