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Understanding past climatic and hydrological variability in the Mediterranean from Lake Prespa sediment isotope and geochemical record over the last glacial cycle
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2013 (English)In: Quaternary Science Reviews, ISSN 0277-3791, Vol. 66, 123-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Here we present stable isotope and geochemical data from Lake Prespa (Macedonia/Albania border) over the Last Glacial cycle (Marine Isotope Stages 5-1) and discuss past lake hydrology and climate (TIC, oxygen and carbon isotopes), as well as responses to climate of terrestrial and aquatic vegetation (TOC, Rock Eval pyrolysis, carbon isotopes, pollen). The Lake Prespa sediments broadly fall into 5 zones based on their sedimentology, geochemistry, palynology and the existing chronology. The Glacial sediments suggest low supply of carbon to the lake, but high summer productivity; intermittent siderite layers suggest that although the lake was likely to have mixed regularly leading to enhanced oxidation of organic matter, there must have been within sediment reducing conditions and methanogenesis. MIS 5 and 1 sediments suggest much more productivity, higher rates of organic material preservation possibly due to more limited mixing with longer periods of oxygen-depleted bottom waters. We also calculated lakewater delta O-18 from siderite (authigenic/Glacial) and calcite (endogenic/Holocene) and show much lower lakewater delta O-18 values in the Glacial when compared to the Holocene, suggesting the lake was less evaporative in the Glacial, probably as a consequence of cooler summers and longer winter ice cover. In the Holocene the oxygen isotope data suggests general humidity, with just 2 marked arid phases, features observed in other Eastern and Central Mediterranean lakes. (C) 2012 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 66, 123-136 p.
Keyword [en]
Late Quaternary, Mediterranean, Lake, Stable isotopes, Rock Eval pyrolysis, Geochemistry
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-71090DOI: 10.1016/j.quascirev.2012.07.015ISI: 000317448500012OAI: diva2:629372
Available from: 2013-06-17 Created: 2013-05-20 Last updated: 2013-06-17Bibliographically approved

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Vogel, Hendrik
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Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences
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