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Physical demands of alpine skiing: Correlations between physical tests and sport-specific performance
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
2013 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Alpine skiing is considered to be the world's fastest non-motorized sport and is one of the most popular leisure activities among children and adolescents in many alpine countries. Competitive alpine skiing itself is a generic term for six different disciplines which all differ from each other in terms of turning radius, distance between gates, speed and course length. In order to be successful in this sport, practitioners must therefore consider a wide range of physical abilities during their preparatory training. Since previous studies have shown a correlation between international successes in alpine skiing and different physical part qualities, testing these qualities are therefore essential. Thus, in order to monitor their athlete’s physical status, the Swedish national alpine ski team conducts at least two mandatory tests annually using a test protocol called Fysprofilen. The questions are, however, if this is an adequate test protocol for alpine skiers and if the athlete's sport-specific performance can be predicted using this test battery. Results from Fysprofilen tests between the years 2006-2012 from 12 female world-class Swedish professional skiers were correlated to their Fédération Internationale de Ski (FIS) points at the time of testing and analyzed using linear, stepwise multiple regression. Significant regression models were found for all disciplines; slalom (SL; R2 = 0.68 with body weight), giant slalom (GS; R2=0.20 with body height and weight), super giant slalom (SG; R2=0.35 with body height and weight), downhill (DH; R2=0.19 with body height) and super combined (SC; R2=0.21 with grip strength). The author concludes that conducted physical tests fail to give the practitioner, trainers and leaders a reliable indication of the sport-specific performance of an alpine skier.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
fysprofilen, physical part qualities, FIS, FIS points
National Category
Sport and Fitness Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-73260OAI: diva2:630630
Educational program
Master program in Sports Medicine
Available from: 2013-08-12 Created: 2013-06-19 Last updated: 2013-08-12Bibliographically approved

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