Strukturomvandling och social utslagning: en analys av sambanden mellan social struktur och social missanpassning och utslagning under perioden 1860-1975
1982 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Structural change and social elimination (English)
Structural changes in society have often been related to social problems such as crime, alcoholism and social elimination. In this analysis of the development of social elimination in Sweden during the period 1860-1975, which is mainly based on official data, it is demonstrated that there is not always a causal relationship between structural change and such social problems. If structural changes lead to social problems or not depend on whether the structural changes occur according to a "Budding" or an "Expansion" model.
The historical period in which a rapid structural change followed the "Budding" model closely was the time right before and after the turn of the century in which the final leap into the industrial society occured. This was a period characterized by an increasing number of industries, communities and organizations. During this period the structural changes increased the legal economic opportunities, strengthened the social and cultural integration as well as the informal social control within the working class. This period was also a period with decreasing human maladjustment symptoms and social elimination.
After World War II a new period of rapid structural changes occured. But now the development followed closely to the "Expansion" model. This was a period when different subsystems in society became larger, more centralized specialized and difficult to survey. The consequences were not only more individual freedom and higher standards of living but also many individuals experienced a great deal of social stress together with a decreasing social and cultural integration. Increasing opportunities for crime and drugs together with a decreasing social control increased the risks for social maladjustment for many people. This latter period can also be described as a period of rapidly increasing human maladjustment symptoms and increasing social elimination of the socially maladjusted.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1982. , 311 p.
, Research reports from the Department of Sociology, University of Umeå, ISSN 0566-7518 ; 67
structural change, social elimination, social maladjustment, crime, alcoholism, budding model, expansion model, social integration, social control, personality development
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-73343OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-73343DiVA: diva2:631054