The use of fluorescence techniques for the study of some membrane-bound photosynthetic properties and some effects of copper on the thylakoid membrane
1981 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Lyophilized pea chloroplasts were extracted in a stepwise manner in an organic solvent (petroleum ether) with increasing polarity which was obtained by addition of small amount of ETOH (0-1 %). Absorption and low temperature fluorescence emission spectra were measured on both the extracted thylakoids and on isolated chlorophylI-protein complexes. Extraction of chlorophyll from the membrane increased (and the ratio of chlorophyl l a/b decreased) with increasing polarity of the solvent. The gel scan revealed that after extraction with petroleum ether, CPa.. was lost from the gel and after extraction with petroleum ether +1 % ETOH only the CPa/b was left together with SDS-free chlorophyll. This shows that the chlorophyll in CPa/b are situated in a less hydrophobic environment than chlorophyll in CPa|| and CPa|. The long wavelength absorbing and emitting chlorophyll fraction associated to CPaj was found to be easily removed from the membrane. This caused a blue shift in the low temperature fluorescence emission peak and in the red absorption peak and it was also accompanied by a decrease in carote-noid absorption in isolated CPa|. It was found in different plant material lacking $-carotene in CPàj that a strong correlation between ß-carotene in CPa. and the existence of the long wavelength chlorophyll in isolated cPa. existed. Based on these data, it was suggested that excited chlorophyll can transfer energy in excess to ß-carotene by a triplet--triplet transfer.A method based on in vivo chlorophyll £ fluorescence was developed for studying photosynthetic capacity in unicellular algae. It was shown that DCMU-induced fluorescence increase was a good measure of photosynthetic capacity in four species of green algae tested.The effect of copper chloride on photosynthetic electron transport and chlorophyl1-protein complexes was studied in spinach chloroplasts. Copper(11) inhibited a PS I i reaction H2O—> DPIP, a PS I reaction Asc/DPIP —> NADP and the overall electron transport H2O —> NAOP to different degrees. Chlorophyll protein complexes were only slightly affected by copper(ll) but with both copper and ascorbate in the reaction media, a rapid membrane destruction occurred. This was probably caused by a free radical reaction catalyzed by copper(ll).
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1981. , 19 p.
chlorophylI-protein complexes, sequential extraction, ß-carotene low temperature fluorescence emission, absorption, in vivo chi. a fluorescence, copper, electron transport
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-73599ISBN: 91-7174-076-7OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-73599DiVA: diva2:632628
1981-05-15, Fysologi-Botanik Hufo, seminarierum B, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:00
Valanne, N., Professor
Härtill 4 delarbeten.2013-06-252013-06-252015-04-29Bibliographically approved