"New Governance" in the Arctic and Its Role for Supporting Climate Change Adaptation
2009 (English)In: Climate Governance in the Arctic / [ed] Timo Koivurova, E. Carina H. Keskitalo, Nigel Bankes, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009, Vol. 50, 97-116 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Formal Arctic governance has developed mainly since the 1990s when the eight-state Arctic Council was established to provide a common forum for national, indigenous peoples' and environmental interests. The Arctic is seen as encompassing the northernmost areas of the Nordic states, USA, Russia and Canada, thereby including areas that will be among those impacted the earliest by the effects of climate change on sea ice and permafrost. However, most of the pollution affecting the Arctic is not released in the area, and cohesion among the states in confronting the climate change problem has been limited. Based in interviews with organisations involved in new governance initiatives (high level fora, NGOs and international organisations) in the Arctic region, this chapter discusses the capacity of the Arctic governance framework to support adaptation to climate change. The paper views adaptation in governance as requiring horizontal and vertical interlinkage between actors, and outlines the interlinkages between regional actors as well as the resources (including funding and legislation) perceived by the interviewees as available to the organisations. The paper concludes that organisational capacities will need to be strengthened for effective implementation of adaptive actions.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, 2009. Vol. 50, 97-116 p.
, Environment & Policy, ISSN 1383-5130 ; 50
Human Geography Environmental Sciences Political Science
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-75767DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4020-9542-9_5ISI: 000313052800006ISBN: 978-1-4020-9541-2ISBN: 978-1-4020-9542-9OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-75767DiVA: diva2:635209