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Effektivitet för olika insamlings-metoder av hushållsavfall: En jämförelse mellan 15 medelstora kommuner i Sverige
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences.
2012 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

The purpose of this study was to investigate whether there were any already established methods to improve the solid waste collection in Umeå municipality. Fractions studied were; recyclable paper, glass-, metal-, paper- and plastic packaging. The study included 15 middle-sized municipalities with a population range of 90’000-150’000. Data were collected through interviews with representatives of each municipality and via a statistical data base. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected. To identify statistical differences among the 15 municipalities regarding collected amounts of waste, parametric analyses were used. The results showed that collected amounts of waste were somewhat equal among the municipalities studied. Four of the 15 municipalities showed significantly higher amounts of collected waste than Umeå municipality, regarding one or more of the studied fractions. However, two of these municipalities had similar waste collecting systems as Umeå municipality. Thus, no correlation could be identified. Significant decreases over time were found in collected amounts of waste in quite a few municipalities. The ongoing expansion of curbside collection systems seems to be contributory factor but no direct correlations were found. Overall, Umeå municipality seems to have a well-functioning waste collection system. An upgrade of their current system, with the expansion of curbside collection systems and higher weight-based rates, would potentially lead to an increase in collected amounts of waste. However, data showing collected amounts of waste is by itself not enough to determine whether a waste collection system is successful. Several other variables must be taken into consideration.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. , 21 p.
Keyword [en]
waste, recycling, curbside collection, source separation, collection systems
National Category
Social Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-75810OAI: diva2:635503
Subject / course
Examensarbete i miljö och hälsoskydd
Educational program
Bachelor of Science in Environmental Health
Available from: 2013-11-07 Created: 2013-07-04 Last updated: 2013-11-07Bibliographically approved

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