A study of virulence factors in the fish pathogen F. noatunensis ssp noatunensis
2013 (English)In: Fish and Shellfish Immunology, ISSN 1050-4648, E-ISSN 1095-9947, Vol. 34, no 6, 1716-1716 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The bacterium Francisella noatunensis ssp. noatunensis (in text: F. noatunensis) is the ethiological agent of the disease francisellosis in Atlantic cod. Francisellosis has been one of the major limiting factors in the development of Norwegian aquaculture industry based on Atlantic cod. Lacking an effective treatment or vaccine there is urgent need for studies related to the pathogenesis of the disease.
The closely related human pathogen F. tularensis is more extensively studied and due to relatively high sequence similarity with F. noatunensis, indirect evidence on important virulence factors can be obtained by reverse genetics. The Francisella Pathogenicity Island (FPI) has been identified in all sequenced genomes of Francisella sp. and contains genes associated with the ability of the bacterium to survive and replicate within macrophages.
To elucidate the pathogenesis of F. noatunensis, infection assays have been performed on primary cells extracted from the head kidney of Atlantic cod. Disruptive mutations of the potential virulence factors IglC, IglD (important for intracellular growth in F. tularensis subsp.) and ClpB (a heat shock protein identified in F. tularensis), have been constructed in F. noatunensis and the infection pattern is in the process of characterization. Model systems that are utilized in the characterization are the amoebae and professional phagocyte Dictyostelium discoideum, zebrafish and macrophages extracted from head kidney of Atlantic cod.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 34, no 6, 1716-1716 p.
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-76254DOI: 10.1016/j.fsi.2013.03.244ISI: 000319646100267OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-76254DiVA: diva2:636021