Plasma folate, but not homocysteine, is associated with Apolipoprotein A1 levels in a non-fortified population
2013 (English)In: Lipids in Health and Disease, ISSN 1476-511X, Vol. 12, 74- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Elevated total plasma homocysteine (tHcy) in humans is associated with cardiovascular disease but prevention trials have failed to confirm causality. Reported reasons for this association have been that homocysteine and its major genetic determinant methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) may have an effect on HDL and Apolipoprotein (Apo) A1 levels. We wanted to study if tHcy and its major determinants were correlated with Apo A1 levels in a large population without folate fortification. Methods: This study was a prospective incident nested case-referent study within the Northern Sweden Health and Disease Study Cohort (NSHDSC), including 545 cases with first myocardial infarction and 1054 matched referents, median age at inclusion was 59 years. Univariate and multiple regression analyzes was used to study the associations between apolipoproteins Apo A1 and B, tHcy, folate and vitamin B12 in plasma as well as MTHFR polymorphisms 677C>T and 1298A>C. Results: Apo A1 and Apo B were strongly associated with the risk of a first myocardial infarction. tHcy was not associated with Apo A1 levels. Instead, folate had an independent positive association with Apo A1 levels in univariate and multiple regression models. The associations were seen in all men and women, among referents but not among cases. MTHFR polymorphisms had no clear effect on Apo A1 levels. Conclusions: Analyzing over 1500 subjects we found an independent positive association between plasma folate (major dietary determinant of tHcy) and Apo A1 levels among those who later did not develop a first myocardial infarction. No association was seen between tHcy and Apo A1.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 12, 74- p.
Apolipoprotein, Homocysteine, Myocardial infarction, Folate, Epidemiology
Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-76807DOI: 10.1186/1476-511X-12-74ISI: 000320045300001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-76807DiVA: diva2:637140