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Fysiologiska krav för fotbollsspelare på elitnivå och implementering av träning
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Surgical and Perioperative Sciences, Sports Medicine.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Soccer is one of the most popular sports in the world and is played all over the world. Soccer is dependent upon many different skills such as player intelligens, technique, psychological factors and physique. During the last decades the physiological demands of elite soccer players has increased. Thus an appropriate endurance and strength training is of importance to optimise the performance. Therefore the purpose of this review is to analyze the physiological demands of soccer players and to provide science-based recommendations on how to improve these with physical training. During a soccer game the players run about 10-12 km in an intermittent movement pattern. The avarage intensity corresponds to 70-90% of VO2-max and 90% of the energy production is of aerobic character. Furthermore soccer players perform about 1200 activity changes during a soccer game by which 150-250 is intensive actions relying on anaerobic energy production. The VO2-max and repeated sprint ability has been shown to be important factors that correlates to the players activity profiles during a soccer game. High-intensity intervall training has been proved to be succesful to ameliorate the endurance and soccer performance. Recent studies has also shown small sided games and soccer specific exercise drills to be effective in improving VO2-max and the repeated sprint ability. In addition to the endurance training, the physical training should also consist of strength training to improve the sprint performance

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 18 p.
Keyword [sv]
Fotboll, kondition, träning, elit
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-78255OAI: diva2:637378
Educational program
Sports Science Programme, Sports Medicine and Coaching
Available from: 2013-08-12 Created: 2013-07-17 Last updated: 2013-08-12Bibliographically approved

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