A Rare Motor Neuron Deleterious Missense Mutation in the DPYSL3 (CRMP4) Gene is Associated with ALS
2013 (English)In: Human Mutation, ISSN 1059-7794, E-ISSN 1098-1004, Vol. 34, no 7, 953-960 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The dihydropyrimidinase-like 3 (DPYSL3) or Collapsin Response Mediator Protein 4a (CRMP4a) expression is modified in neurodegeneration and is involved in several ALS-associated pathways including axonal transport, glutamate excitotoxicity, and oxidative stress. The objective of the study was to analyze CRMP4 as a risk factor for ALS. We analyzed the DPYSL3/CRMP4 gene in French ALS patients (n=468) and matched-controls (n=394). We subsequently examined a variant in a Swedish population (184 SALS, 186 controls), and evaluated its functional effects on axonal growth and survival in motor neuron cell culture. The rs147541241:A>G missense mutation occurred in higher frequency among French ALS patients (odds ratio=2.99) but the association was not confirmed in the Swedish population. In vitro expression of mutated DPYSL3 in motor neurons reduced axonal growth and accelerated cell death compared with wild type protein. Thus, the association between the rs147541241 variant and ALS was limited to the French population, highlighting the geographic particularities of genetic influences (risks, contributors). The identified variant appears to shorten motor neuron survival through a detrimental effect on axonal growth and CRMP4 could act as a key unifier in transduction pathways leading to neurodegeneration through effects on early axon development.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 34, no 7, 953-960 p.
ALS, DPYSL3, CRMP4, risk factor
Medical Genetics Neurology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-78425DOI: 10.1002/humu.22329ISI: 000320551300005OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-78425DiVA: diva2:637832