Att behandla ARTROS: En jämförelse mellan olika behandlingssteg för artros i knäleden
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Osteoarthritis is a chronic progressive disease which can be accomplished by primary and secondary factors. Pain, stiffness and loss of mobility in the joint are the most common symptoms. Osteoarthritis is explained as an imbalance between the demands on the joint and its ability to fulfill them. This mostly affects the knee joint and individuals of all ages. Individuals who practice sports, especially contact sports, are at higher risk of developing osteoarthritis at a young age. Today, nothing that can stop the progression of osteoarthritis, and it is therefore important to treat the disease in order to relieve pain, improve knee function and increase the life quality.
To relieve the pain that may occur in osteoarthritis is for instance paracetamol, orthopedic devices and NSAIDs successful treatments. In case of very severe pain, cortisone can be used. Even weight reduction, glucosamine intake and regular exercise have positive effects. The latter not only reduces pain, but also improves life quality, knee function and may slow the disease process. In the treatment of secondary osteoarthritis, exercise in combination with glucosamine intake is the most used methods.
There are three steps in the treatment of osteoarthritis, these are: a) basic treatment, b) adjunctive treatment, and c) surgical treatment. The basic treatment is used for mild osteoarthritis and consists of training, education and weight reduction. Adjunctive treatment is used when the basic treatment is not adequate and includes such as orthopedic devices and medicines. The last option for severe osteoarthritis is surgical procedures, which are arthroscopy, osteotomy, local treatment and arthroplasty.
The primary treatments for osteoarthritis of the knee joint are exercise, followed by glucosamine intake, arthroplasty and weight reduction. For mild to moderate osteoarthritis is exercise the best treatment, both in terms of efficiency and cost.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 31 p.
Osteoarthritis, treatments, knee joint, glucosamine, exercise
Sport and Fitness Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-76221OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-76221DiVA: diva2:640121
Sports Science Programme, Sports Medicine and Coaching
2013-06-03, Umeå, 09:00 (Swedish)
Jonsson, Per, Universitetslektor
Yu, Jiguo, Universitetslektor