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Layer- and Cell-Type-Specific Subthreshold and Suprathreshold Effects of Long-Term Monocular Deprivation in Rat Visual Cortex
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Molecular Biology (Faculty of Medicine).
2011 (English)In: Journal of Neuroscience, ISSN 0270-6474, E-ISSN 1529-2401, Vol. 31, no 47, 17134-17148 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Connectivity and dendritic properties are determinants of plasticity that are layer and cell-type specific in the neocortex. However, the impact of experience-dependent plasticity at the level of synaptic inputs and spike outputs remains unclear along vertical cortical microcircuits. Here I compared subthreshold and suprathreshold sensitivity to prolonged monocular deprivation (MD) in rat binocular visual cortex in layer 4 and layer 2/3 pyramids (4Ps and 2/3Ps) and in thick-tufted and nontufted layer 5 pyramids (5TPs and 5NPs), which innervate different extracortical targets. In normal rats, 5TPs and 2/3Ps are the most binocular in terms of synaptic inputs, and 5NPs are the least. Spike responses of all 5TPs were highly binocular, whereas those of 2/3Ps were dominated by either the contralateral or ipsilateral eye. MD dramatically shifted the ocular preference of 2/3Ps and 4Ps, mostly by depressing deprived-eye inputs. Plasticity was profoundly different in layer 5. The subthreshold ocular preference shift was sevenfold smaller in 5TPs because of smaller depression of deprived inputs combined with a generalized loss of responsiveness, and was undetectable in 5NPs. Despite their modest ocular dominance change, spike responses of 5TPs consistently lost their typically high binocularity during MD. The comparison of MD effects on 2/3Ps and 5TPs, the main affected output cells of vertical microcircuits, indicated that subthreshold plasticity is not uniquely determined by the initial degree of input binocularity. The data raise the question of whether 5TPs are driven solely by 2/3Ps during MD. The different suprathreshold plasticity of the two cell populations could underlie distinct functional deficits in amblyopia.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2011. Vol. 31, no 47, 17134-17148 p.
National Category
Basic Medicine
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79151DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.2951-11.2011ISI: 000297586900024PubMedID: 22114282OAI: diva2:641494
Available from: 2013-08-17 Created: 2013-08-09 Last updated: 2013-08-20Bibliographically approved

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Medini, Paolo
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