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Marital Satisfaction, Coping, and Social Support in Female Medical Staff Members in Tehran University Hospitals
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work.
2015 (English)In: Interpersona, ISSN 1981-6472, E-ISSN 1981-6472, Vol. 8, no 1, 115-127 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Stress significantly influences marital satisfaction. Women tend to be more emotionally involved in problems than men. Furthermore, employed women encounter more stressors especially when their job is stressful which it is often the case in medical professionals. In the present cross-sectional study, relationships were analyzed between marital satisfaction (ENRICH Marital Satisfaction Inventory), ways of coping (Ways of Coping questionnaire) with marital stress and social support (Social Support Questionnaire) in 100 female medical staff members in Tehran university hospitals. The results revealed a significant negative relationship between subscales of marital satisfaction and using “seeking social support”, “confrontive coping”, “escape avoidance”, “distancing”, and “self-controlling” as ways of coping related to marriage related problems. Furthermore, the analyses showed that job satisfaction, social support, and ways of coping explain between 24% and 38% of the variance in subscales of marital satisfaction. Therefore focusing on these factors could be an effective approach to promote marital satisfaction in female medical staff members.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 8, no 1, 115-127 p.
Keyword [en]
marital satisfaction, ways of coping, social support, women, medical staff members, Iran
National Category
Sociology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79477DOI: 10.5964/ijpr.v8i1.139OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-79477DiVA: diva2:641982
Note

Originally published in manuscript form with the title: Marital satisfaction, ways of coping and social support in female medical staff in Tehran- Iran

Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Marital satisfaction in relation to social support, coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran, Iran
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Marital satisfaction is one of the main characteristics of a healthy family, and is known as an important predictor of overall quality of life. Stress is unavoidable in everyday life and it can affect marital relationships. Furthermore, employed married individuals encounter more stressors than do unmarried ones, especially when their jobs are demanding and stressful, such as working as medical professionals in hospitals. Applying effective coping strategies and receiving social support, especially from emotionally close persons, are protective factors which can help individuals deal with stress and buffer the negative effects of life stress on marital and life satisfaction. In the present cross-sectional investigation, marital satisfaction was studied in relation to socio-demographic variables, social support, ways of coping, and quality of life in medical staff in Tehran. Data were collected from 653 medical staff who worked in 12 hospitals affiliated with Tehran Medical University using socio-demographic questions, the ENRICH marital satisfaction questionnaire, the SF-36 questionnaire, the Social Support questionnaire, and the Ways of Coping questionnaire. The results indicated that marital satisfaction, quality of life and spousal support were significantly higher in men than women. Spousal support was significantly associated with marital satisfaction especially in women. Multiple regression analyses indicated that marital satisfaction, social support, and job satisfaction combined with socio-demographic variables explain between 12% and 28% of the variance in quality of life domains. Analysing the data with special focus on females revealed a significant negative relationship between subscales of marital satisfaction and using “seeking social support”, “confrontive coping”, “escape avoidance”, “distancing”, and “self-controlling” as ways of coping. Hierarchical regression analyses showed that job satisfaction, social support, and ways of coping explained between 24% and 38% of the variance in seven of the nine subscales of marital satisfaction. Therefore, focusing on the study findings could be helpful in promoting marital satisfaction and quality of life in married medical staff. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå, Sweden: Umeå university, 2013. 57 p.
Series
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 78
Keyword
Marital satisfaction, Social support, Ways of coping, Quality of life, Job satisfaction, Medical staff, Gender differences, Iran
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79478 (URN)978-91-7459-706-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2013-09-13, Samvetet, Samhällsvetarhuset, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-08-23 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2013-08-23Bibliographically approved

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Ghazinour, SeyedmehdiRostami, Arian

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