Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Kampen om katedern: feminiserings- och professionaliseringsprocessen inom den svenska folkskolans lärarkår 1860-1906
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts.
1987 (Swedish)Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)Alternative title
Who should sit in the teacher's chair? : the processes of feminization and professionalization among Swedish elementary school teachers 1860-1906 (English)
Abstract [en]

The thesis deals with the development of the secondary school teaching professionduring the second half of the 19th century and the early 20th century. The emphasisof the study is on the concurrence of three structural processes in this profession:feminization, professionalization and governmental bureaucratization.The "teachers of the people" found themselves deeply affected by radical economicand social structural changes during the transition from classical industrialcapitalism to organized capitalism at the end of the 19th century. These strucuralchanges aggravated the conflicts between the classes and the sexes in society, andthe elementary school became an important institution for social and ideologicalcontrol. But the teachers were not content to be the mindless instruments of thepredominant ideology. At an early stage the elementary school and the teachersthemselves began to live "a life of their own". Both male and female teachers beganto develop strategies in the struggle for power and control over their profession. Inother words, a process of professionalization began.At the same time as the teachers were organized collectively the women's share ofthe profession increased. The teaching of the lower classes was considered verysuitable for unmarried middle-class women, and the cheap female labour wasattractive to the politicians. There were risks of clashes between male and femaleinterests, since the profession also attracted young men from the farming andworking classes, who saw possibilities of social advancement in this sector of theschool system.The men developed different strategies against their female colleagues. Duringthe whole of the 19th century women were integrated into the professional project.At the turn of the century the men developed a strategy of social closure againstwomen, which meant that these were relegated to a lower level. At the same timethe government introduced regulations which were intended to impede women'sfast access to the profession. This triggered off an open conflict between the sexes inthe profession, since the changes were initiated by male elementary school teacherswho were leaders of the professional program as well as leading politicians in thegovernment and the Riksdag.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå universitet , 1987. , 262 p.
Umeå studies in the humanities, ISSN 0345-0155 ; 82Acta Universitatis Umensis, ISSN 0345-0147
Keyword [en]
Swedish history, 19th and 20th social history, history of education, history of women, elementary school teachers, female teachers, organized capitalism, feminization, professionalization
Keyword [sv]
Folkskolan, Sverige, genusaspekter, 1800-talet, Lärare, Professionalisering
National Category
Sociology Educational Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79495ISBN: 91-7174-293-XOAI: diva2:642087
Public defence
1987-06-05, Humanisthuset, hörsal E, Umeå universitet, Umeå, 10:15

Vissa bilder borttagna av upphovsrättskäl.

Available from: 2013-08-20 Created: 2013-08-20 Last updated: 2013-08-20Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Kampen om katedern: feminiserings- och professionaliseringsprocessen inom den svenska folkskolans lärarkår 1860-1906(13973 kB)2091 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT02.pdfFile size 13973 kBChecksum SHA-512
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

By organisation
Faculty of Arts
SociologyEducational Sciences

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2091 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Total: 498 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link