Conflict resolution through ecosystem-based management: the case of Swedish moose management
2013 (English)In: International Journal of the Commons, ISSN 1875-0281, E-ISSN 1875-0281, Vol. 7, no 2, 549-570 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Swedish moose (Alces alces) management has over the years transformed from a situation similar to what Hardin (1968) defined as a tragedy of the commons – i.e. where open access and unrestricted demands lead to over-exploitation – into a situation characterized by an abundance of moose. While high numbers of moose are preferred by hunters, they damage forests through grazing, causing conflicts between hunters and forest owners. In an attempt to resolve these disputes, the Swedish government is introducing a new local ecosystem-based management system. This paper analyzes this shift from managing a single resource to the broader perspective of ecosystem management and discusses to what extent it will contribute to conflict resolution. The results suggest that some of the problems highlighted may be solved through the implementation of an ecosystem management system. However, several challenges remain to be tackled, such as how to establish robust partnerships between forest owners and hunters for managing moose on land with a fragmented property rights structure. This can lead to different and conflicting objectives and, consequently, difficulties in reaching collective action.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Utrecht: Igitur publishing , 2013. Vol. 7, no 2, 549-570 p.
Conflict, ecosystem management, moose, social-ecological systems, Sweden
Fish and Wildlife Management Political Science
Research subject statskunskap
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79875ISI: 000332490300014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-79875DiVA: diva2:645279
ProjectsFuture forestsHUNTing for sustainability