Investigating incipient speciation in Arabidopsis lyrata from patterns of transmission ratio distortion
2013 (English)In: Genetics, ISSN 0016-6731, E-ISSN 1943-2631, Vol. 194, no 3, 697-708 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Our understanding of the development of intrinsic reproductive isolation is still largely based on theoretical models and thorough empirical studies on a small number of species. Theory suggests that reproductive isolation develops through accumulation of epistatic genic incompatibilities, also known as Bateson-Dobzhansky-Muller (BDM) incompatibilities. We can detect these from marker transmission ratio distortion (TRD) in hybrid progenies of crosses between species or populations, where TRD is expected to result from selection against heterospecific allele combinations in hybrids. TRD may also manifest itself because of intragenomic conflicts or competition between gametes or zygotes. We studied early stage speciation in Arabidopsis lyrata by investigating patterns of TRD across the genome in F-2 progenies of three reciprocal crosses between four natural populations. We found that the degree of TRD increases with genetic distance between crossed populations, but also that reciprocal progenies may differ substantially in their degree of TRD. Chromosomes AL6 and especially AL1 appear to be involved in many single- and two-locus distortions, but the location and source of TRD vary between crosses and between reciprocal progenies. We also found that the majority of single- and two-locus TRD appears to have a gametic, as opposed to zygotic, origin. Thus, while theory on BDM incompatibilities is typically illustrated with derived nuclear alleles proving incompatible in hybrid zygotes, our results suggest a prominent role for distortions emerging before zygote formation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 194, no 3, 697-708 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79260DOI: 10.1534/genetics.113.152561ISI: 000321255800014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-79260DiVA: diva2:645660