A longitudinal and cross-sectional study of Swedish biomedical PhD processes 1991-2009 with emphasis on international and gender aspects
2010 (English)In: Scientometrics, ISSN 0138-9130, E-ISSN 1588-2861, Vol. 85, no 2, 401-414 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This longitudinal survey of Swedish biomedical PhDs from 1991 to 2009 found a 2.5-fold increase in biomedical PhD graduates, especially women, and mainly non-MDs, while the number of MDs remained fairly constant. The proportion obtaining a biomedical PhD in Sweden in 2006 was two and a half times that in USA compared to population and three and a half times by GDP, but similar to that of the Netherlands. Female non-MD but not female MD candidates were more likely than men to be examined by female examiners. Fewer of the non-MD than MD women continued to publish in English after their PhD. The median number of authors per paper in a thesis had increased by 1 (from 4 to 5) compared with 15–20 years ago. Swedish biomedical research was already well internationalized in 1991, when 38% of the external examiners came from abroad. This rose to 53% in 2003 but in 2009 had returned to 42%. USA and UK were the most common countries but Australia accounted for 2%. When assessed by connection with foreign research teams, Swedish researchers were also internationally well connected. Studies in other countries are needed to assess how generally applicable these findings are. Our findings suggest that the policy and management of Swedish scientific research systems needs revision to harmonize with the national economic capacity.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Netherlands, 2010. Vol. 85, no 2, 401-414 p.
PhD process, Higher education performance indicators, Gender issues, Cross-border comparisons, Bibliometrics, Iternationalization of research
Other Medical Sciences not elsewhere specified
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80082DOI: 10.1007/s11192-010-0227-3OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-80082DiVA: diva2:646375