Self-perception of stigma in persons with epilepsy in Tehran, Iran
2013 (English)In: Epilepsy & Behavior, ISSN 1525-5050, E-ISSN 1525-5069, Vol. 28, no 2, 163-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Epilepsy is one of the most stigmatizing medical conditions worldwide. It could be argued that the problem of stigma and discrimination might be different in an Islamic culture. A cross-sectional study of 130 patients with epilepsy was performed using the Internalized Stigma of Mental Illness (ISMI) questionnaire that was adapted for epilepsy. The questionnaire contained 29 items on a 4-point scale in addition to an open-ended question about experience of discrimination. An average score above the midpoint (2.5) is suggested to indicate a high level of stigma. Approximately 23.7% of the patients reported a score above the midpoint. Unemployment and low education were significantly associated with a high level of internalized stigma. Although epilepsy can be effectively treated, patients in Tehran still experience much stigma. For this reason, strategies for reducing self-perception of stigma should be included in a treatment plan.
(C) 2013 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 28, no 2, 163-167 p.
Epilepsy, Stigma, Iran, Perceived discrimination
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-79231DOI: 10.1016/j.yebeh.2013.04.009ISI: 000321429100006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-79231DiVA: diva2:648390