Chiral Chemicals as Tracers of Atmospheric Sources and Fate Processes in a World of Changing Climate
2013 (English)In: Mass Spectrometry, ISSN 2186-5116, Vol. 2, no 19, Special Issue: Proceedings of 19th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, S0019- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Elimination of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) under national and international regulations reduces “primary” emissions, but “secondary” emissions continue from residues deposited in soil, water, ice and vegetation during former years of usage. In a future, secondary source controlled world, POPs will follow the carbon cycle and biogeochemical processes will determine their transport, accumulation and fate. Climate change is likely to affect mobilisation of POPs through e.g., increased temperature, altered precipitation and wind patterns, flooding, loss of ice cover in polar regions, melting glaciers, and changes in soil and water microbiology which affect degradation and transformation. Chiral compounds offer advantages for following transport and fate pathways because of their ability to distinguish racemic (newly released or protected from microbial attack) and nonracemic (microbially degraded) sources. This paper discusses the rationale for this approach and suggests applications where chiral POPs could aid investigation of climate-mediated exchange and degradation processes. Multiyear measurements of two chiral POPs, trans-chlordane and α-HCH, at a Canadian Arctic air monitoring station show enantiomer compositions which cycle seasonally, suggesting varying source contributions which may be under climatic control. Large-scale shifts in the enantioselective metabolism of chiral POPs in soil and water might influence the enantiomer composition of atmospheric residues, and it would be advantageous to include enantiospecific analysis in POPs monitoring programs.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 2, no 19, Special Issue: Proceedings of 19th International Mass Spectrometry Conference, S0019- p.
persistent organic pollutants, climate change, chiral, atmospheric transport, air-surface exchange
Chemical Sciences Climate Research
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80679DOI: 10.5702/massspectrometry.S0019OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-80679DiVA: diva2:650848
19th International Mass Spectrometry Conference