How do universities contribute to employment growth?: The role of human capital and knowledge bases
2014 (English)In: European Planning Studies, ISSN 0965-4313, E-ISSN 1469-5944, Vol. 22, no 12, 2584-2604 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The aim of this paper is to analyze whether employment growth is faster in regions housing a university compared to non-university regions. We argue that universities per se are less likely to trigger externalities that facilitate employment growth. Instead we propose that it depends on the concentration of different skills in that particular region. This is analyzed by running a number of OLS regressions, based on official data on municipal level from Statistics Sweden, on how concentrations of human capital, analytic-, synthetic- and symbolic- knowledge bases in Swedish university regions influence employment growth 2002-2008. The results indicate that presence of universities per se do not influence employment growth. However, the findings suggest that university regions with high concentrations of human capital and, in particular, with employees characterized by the synthetic knowledge base, show higher growth rates. This implies that the influence of universities on employment is greatest in regions with high concentrations of skills able to apply the knowledge created in universities. Consequently, the regional composition of skills needs to match the knowledge produced by universities for significant university-induced spillovers to occur.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2014. Vol. 22, no 12, 2584-2604 p.
Employment growth, universities, human capital, knowledge bases, agglomeration
Economic Geography Human Geography
Research subject Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80715DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2013.849227ISI: 000343313000010ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84887096403OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-80715DiVA: diva2:651189
Special Issue: Invisible agents and hidden protagonists: rethinking creative cities policy2013-09-242013-09-242016-06-29Bibliographically approved