Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Prevalence of HIV among those 15 and older in rural South Africa
Show others and affiliations
2013 (English)In: AIDS Care, ISSN 0954-0121, E-ISSN 1360-0451, Vol. 25, no 9, 1122-1128 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A greater knowledge of the burden of HIV in rural areas of Southern Africa is needed, especially among older adults. We conducted a cross-sectional biomarker survey in the rural South African Agincourt Health and Socio-demographic Surveillance site in 2010-2011 and estimated HIV prevalence and risk factors. Using an age-sex stratified random sample of ages 15+, a total of 5037 (65.7%) of a possible 7662 individuals were located and 4362 (86.6%) consented to HIV testing. HIV prevalence was high (19.4%) and characterized by a large gender gap (10.6% for men and 23.9% for women). Rates peaked at 45.3% among men and 46.1% among women - both at ages 35-39. Compared with a similar study in the rural KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa, peak prevalence occurred at later ages, and HIV prevalence was higher among older adults - with rates above 15% for men and 10% for women through to age 70. High prevalence continues to characterize Southern Africa, and recent evidence confirms that older adults cannot be excluded from policy considerations. The high prevalence among older adults suggests likely HIV infection at older ages. Prevention activities need to expand to older adults to reduce new infections. Treatment will be complicated by increased risk of noncommunicable diseases and by increasing numbers of older people living with HIV.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2013. Vol. 25, no 9, 1122-1128 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV, South Africa, rural health
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-80741DOI: 10.1080/09540121.2012.750710ISI: 000323633200008OAI: diva2:653466
Available from: 2013-10-04 Created: 2013-09-25 Last updated: 2013-10-04Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textFulltext

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Tollman, Stephen
By organisation
Epidemiology and Global Health
In the same journal
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 16 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link