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A 3-year follow-up of headache diagnoses and symptoms in Swedish schoolchildren
Department of Neuroscience, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.
2006 (English)In: Cephalalgia, ISSN 0333-1024, E-ISSN 1468-2982, Vol. 26, no 7, 809-815 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Information is sparse concerning the incidence and prognosis of headache in children from the general population, especially of tension-type headache. In this study, headache diagnoses and symptoms were reassessed in 122 out of 130 schoolchildren after 3 years. Nearly 80% of those with headache at first evaluation still reported headache at follow-up. Although the likelihood of experiencing the same headache diagnosis and symptoms was high, about one-fifth of children with tension-type headache developed migraine and vice versa. Female gender predicted migraine and frequent headache episodes predicted overall headache at follow-up. The estimated average annual incidence was 81 and 65 per 1000 children, for tension-type headache and migraine, respectively. We conclude that there is a considerable risk of developing and maintaining headache during childhood. Headache diagnoses should be reassessed regularly and treatment adjusted. Girls and children with frequent headache have a poorer prognosis and therefore intervention is particularly important in these groups.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Blackwell Publishing, 2006. Vol. 26, no 7, 809-815 p.
Keyword [en]
children, headache, incidence, migraine, prognosis, tension-type headache
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81355DOI: 10.1111/j.1468-2982.2006.01113.xPubMedID: 16776695OAI: diva2:654563
Available from: 2013-10-07 Created: 2013-10-07 Last updated: 2013-10-21Bibliographically approved

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Laurell, Katarina
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