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The importance of implementation: The role of the Lapp Administration in Swedish Sami policy, 1885–1971
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Centre for Sami Research. (Arcum)
2013 (English)In: L’image du Sápmi II: Études comparées / [ed] Kajsa Andersson, Örebro: Örebro University , 2013, 36-55 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The Lapp Administration (LA) was created in 1885 as a temporary solution to specific problems concerning the Sami and reindeer husbandry, but would soon become an established actor in Swedish Sami policy. The authority was created as part of the development of a more structured Swedish Sami policy during the second half of the 19th century, centered around the image of the Sami as reindeer herders, and could therefore not influence the outer frames of the policy field. The LA would, however, play an integral role in upholding this policy and this view of the Sami, which was made possible through its role as the foremost expert on Sami issues. The authority initially consisted of only three positions as Lapp Bailiffs, but began to grow from the 1910’s, adding more positions as Bailiffs and introducing new positions as Assistant Lapp Bailiffs and Lapp Supervisors, strengthening both the structure of the LA, making it more adapted to handling the continually increasing workload, and the ability of the authority to control the Sami and reindeer husbandry. The strengthened position of the LA would, however, not go unopposed. From a modest start around the year 1900, the Sami movement slowly grew in strength, and became the most vociferous and important opponent of the position of the authority and its power. In the end, criticism from the Sami movement contributed to the decision to close down the LA in 1971.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Örebro: Örebro University , 2013. 36-55 p.
, Humanistica Oerebroensia. Artes et linguae, ISSN 1403-6525 ; 16
Keyword [en]
Swedish Sami policy, state administration, Lapp Administration
National Category
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81364ISBN: 978-91-7668-943-1OAI: diva2:654676
Available from: 2013-10-08 Created: 2013-10-08 Last updated: 2016-05-18Bibliographically approved

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