Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxin-specific IgE is associated with asthma in the general population: a GA(2) LEN study
2013 (English)In: Allergy. European Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, ISSN 0105-4538, E-ISSN 1398-9995, Vol. 68, no 10, 1289-1297 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Specific IgE to Staphylococcus aureus enterotoxins (SE-IgE) has been associated with asthma. In the general population, we aimed to determine the prevalence of and risk factors for serum SE-IgE and to examine the association with asthma.
METHODS: A postal questionnaire was sent to a random sample of adults in 19 centers across Europe. A random sample of respondents was invited for clinical examination upon which they answered a questionnaire, underwent skin prick tests (SPTs) for common aeroallergens, and provided blood for measurement of total IgE and SE-IgE. Risks were analyzed within centers using weighted logistic regression, and overall estimates calculated using fixed-effects meta-analysis.
RESULTS: 2908 subjects were included in this analysis. Prevalence of positive SE-IgE was 29.3%; no significant geographic variation was observed. In contrast to positive skin prick tests, SE-IgE was more common in smokers (<15 pack-year: OR 1.11, P = 0.079, ≥15 pack-year: OR 1.70, P < 0.001), and prevalence did not decrease in older age-groups or in those with many siblings. Total IgE concentrations were higher in those with positive SE-IgE than in those with positive SPT. SE-IgE was associated with asthma (OR 2.10, 95% confidence interval [1.60-2.76], P = 0.001) in a concentration-dependent manner. This effect was independent of SPT result and homogeneous across all centers.
CONCLUSIONS: We report for the first time that SE-IgE is common in the general population throughout Europe and that its risk factors differ from those of IgE against aeroallergens. This is the first study to show that SE-IgE is significantly and independently associated with asthma in the general population.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 68, no 10, 1289-1297 p.
asthma, epidemiology, IgE, Staphylococcus aureus, superantigens
Environmental Health and Occupational Health Respiratory Medicine and Allergy Immunology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81580DOI: 10.1111/all.12230PubMedID: 24117882OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-81580DiVA: diva2:656771