Peptidoglycan plasticity in bacteria: stress-induced peptidoglycan editing by noncanonical D-amino acids
2012 (English)In: Microbial Drug Resistance, ISSN 1076-6294, E-ISSN 1931-8448, Vol. 18, no 3, 306-313 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
It has been generally assumed that the role of D-amino acids in bacterial physiology is rather limited. However, recent new evidence demonstrated that millimolar concentrations of noncanonical D-amino acids are synthesized and released to the environment by bacteria from diverse phyla. These D-amino acids help bacteria adapt to environmental challenges by modulating the structure and composition of the peptidoglycan (PG). This regulation, which appears to be well conserved among bacterial species, occurs principally through the incorporation of the D-amino acids into the terminus of the peptide moiety of muropeptides. These findings revived interest in studies investigating D-amino acids as an exciting and trendy topic in current microbiology, which considers them as fundamental players in different aspects of bacterial physiology. In this article, we provide an overview of the origins of research on the effects of D-amino acids in the biology of bacterial cell walls, including their recent implication as key factors for stress-associated PG remodeling.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 18, no 3, 306-313 p.
Microbiology in the medical area Infectious Medicine
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81859DOI: 10.1089/mdr.2012.0009ISI: 000305163700011PubMedID: 22443287OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-81859DiVA: diva2:658602