Is your commute killing you?: On the mortality risks of long-distance commuting
2014 (English)In: Environment and planning A, ISSN 0308-518X, E-ISSN 1472-3409, Vol. 46, no 6, 1496-1516 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
There is a general belief that expanding labour-market regions, triggered by increased commuting, have positive economic effects on individuals, firms, and society. Recently, however, scholars have reported possible negative outcomes related to health and well-being. Based on these findings, this study addresses the association between long-distance commuting, and mortality. Using longitudinal individual data from between 1985 and 2008, focusing on 55-year-olds in 1994, we model mortality through propensity score matching and Kaplan–Meyer estimates of survival among long-distance commuters and matched controls from the population travelling short distances to work. The results indicate that women who have experienced long-distance commuting face a significantly higher mortality risk compared with women with short commutes to work. This seems to be driven by variations in income and education: for example, for women with long-distance commuting experience, substantially lower survival rates are found among those with low education and low income. A very different picture emerges for men, for whom mortality risks do not seem to be associated with long-distance commuting. Our findings suggest that men and women are subject to different mechanisms regarding the nexus between commuting and mortality.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Pion , 2014. Vol. 46, no 6, 1496-1516 p.
long-distance commuting, health, mortality, propensity score matching, survival rates
Research subject Economics; Social and Economic Geography
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-81955DOI: 10.1068/a46267ISI: 000345691600016ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84902829744OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-81955DiVA: diva2:659214
FunderForte, Swedish Research Council for Health, Working Life and Welfare, 2006-1010