Fattiga företagare-faktum eller fiktion?: En kvantitativ studie om den höga fattigdomsfrekvensen bland företagare
Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Poverty exists all over the world, but eventhough people may mostly associate the word “poor”with marginalized groupssuch as the unemployed, there is also another group that exibithigh poverty rates–the self-employed. In studies that focus on indirect methods of measurement (like income) it is clear that the self-employed exibit higher poverty rates then employees. At the same time, studies that focuses on more direct methodsof measuring living conditions (like expenditures), show different results. In studies on expenditures,it is clear thateven though self-employed have much lower income-levels then employees, they seem to have the same potential for expenditures/material standard.These results are surprising and can be seen as contradictions. It is strange that the self-employed seem to have high rates of income poverty, at the same time as they have the same consumption-ability as the employed.A likely explanation for this is, instead that the self-employed is poor, that there is a problem with the indirect method of measurement.The aim of this study is to examine if the high level of income poverty among the self-employed is a consequence of problem associated with the method of measurement often used in studies about poverty, problems related to being self-employed. The study is conducted usingdata specially designed for examining the self-employed. The data is collected by the sociological departmentat Umeå Universityand administered by SCB –Statistics Sweden.Four hypothesisderived from previous research,that may help explain why the self-employed have such high poverty-rates, are tested in this study. It is hypothesized that the self-employed may (1) have higher rates of tax evasion, or (2)that theyhave fluctuations in their income which leads to low income some years,and high income other years, (3) that the self-employed has such an interest and dedication for their business that material things has less value and (4) that the self-employed through their businesses,have more things and that this weights up for a lower income.The paper concludes that none of the explanations posed in this study can help explain the high poverty rates of the self-employed. It seems that the self-employed actually have a higher rate of poverty within the group then do employees.The result is very surprising and implications of the results are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. , 37 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82541OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-82541DiVA: diva2:661834
Subject / course
Sociology (alternative Social Psycholgy)
Larsson, Daniel, universitetslektor