Mental Health Predicted by Coping, Social Support, and Resilience among Young Unwed Pregnant Malaysian Women and Mothers Living in Shelter Homes
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
This exploratory study examines the prediction of mental health by social support, resilience and coping among Malaysian unwed young pregnant women and unwed young mothers during their stay in shelter homes in Malaysia. Methods: 79 unwed young pregnant women and unwed young mothers in nine shelter homes in Malaysian provinces were investigated in a follow-up by the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, the Ways of Coping questionnaire, the Child and Youth Resilience Measure, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ28), and the Beck Depression Inventory in Malay language. Results: Cognitive and behavioural depressive symptoms as well as the total GHQ and depression severity were slightly, but significantly higher at the first assessment. The unwed young mothers reported that they applied confrontive coping more often at the 1st assessment than at the 2nd assessment; but, that more attachment being available at the 1st assessment. Between 14 % for depressive-behavioural symptoms and 36 % for general health at the 2nd assessment could be explained by the variance in social support, coping, and resilience at the 1st assessment. Conclusions: The level of resilience, coping or social support among unwed young pregnant women and unwed young mothers did not substantially change after they had been spent a certain period of time in a shelter home. The unmarried young mothers reported a serious level of psychological symptoms supporting the assumption that many of them suffered from a moderate to severe depression that was untreated. These institutions do not provide effective services for the vulnerable unmarried young mothers that meet their psychological and social needs or improve their coping or resilience.
unwed pregnant women, shelter home, Malaysia, coping, resilience, social support, mental health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-82714DiVA: diva2:662377