umu.sePublications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Social support, coping, resilience and mental health in Malaysian unwed young pregnant women and young mothers: Their experiences while living in a shelter home
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Social Work. School of Psychology and Human Development, Univ ersiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kebangsaan, Malaysia .ORCID iD: 0000-0002-6596-3604
2013 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis is based on four articles. In the first article, questionnaire data from a follow-upstudy (Article I) that aimed to explore social support, coping and resilience as predictors ofmental health in unwed young pregnant women and young mothers during placement in ashelter home were analysed. Nine shelter homes were invited to participate in the study (n ofpre-assessment = 250; n of post-assessment = 79). Percentages, paired sample t-tests, multipleanalyses of variance (MANOVA), and multiple regression analysis were used to analyse thedata. There were no significant changes in social support, coping or resilience between thepre- and post-assessment. The variability in the mental health scores from the follow-upassessment could be explained by the variability in coping, social support and resilience forbetween 14% of the variance in the BDI score and 36% in the GHQ sum-score. However,about 32% of the unwed young pregnant women and young mothers had a BDI score above26 suggesting the occurrence of a depressive disorder at the second assessment. Thequalitative part of the study (Articles II and III) attempted to investigate the reactions receivedfrom their significant others, and how these reactions influenced their pregnancy experience.Furthermore, their daily life experience during their placement in a shelter home is described.Seventeen unwed young pregnant women and young mothers aged from 12 to 18 wereinterviewed. Qualitative content analysis and thematic analysis were used to analyse thetranscriptions of the interviews. Significant others were often perceived as reacting to theunwed young pregnant women and young mothers with secrecy, repression and rejection. Theresponse of the unwed young pregnant women and young mothers to the significant others inrespect of their pregnancy was to feel detached, trapped, unworthy and ambiguous. Theresults of the thematic analysis (Article III) led to three themes: rules and regulations, therelationship with the staff, and the relationship with the other girls in the shelter home. Theresults indicated that the participating shelter homes were often not fulfilling the standards ofshelter homes according to the Malaysian national laws and the United Nations Conventionon the Rights of the Child. In addition, a mixed methods approach (Article IV) was applied toinvestigate the associations between the experiences of the unwed young pregnant women andyoung mothers in the shelter home and their social support, coping, resilience, and mentalhealth. Because of the nominal data, the findings from the qualitative analyses were quantifiedand jointly analysed with the questionnaire data using Spearman Rank coefficient. The analyses were done based on the interviews and survey with 17 unwed young pregnantwomen and young mothers aged 12 to 18 years. The mixed methods study emphasized thatthe unwed young pregnant women and young mothers have poor availability and adequacy ofsocial support and were at risk of developing mental health problems if untreated.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Umeå: Umeå Universitet , 2013. , 75 p.
Series
Studier i socialt arbete vid Umeå universitet : avhandlings- och skriftserie, ISSN 0283-300X ; 79
Keyword [en]
pregnancy out of wedlock, teenage pregnancy, shelter home, residential care, unwed teenage mothers, unwed young mothers, social work practice, Malaysia
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82716ISBN: 978-91-7459-756-1 (print)OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-82716DiVA: diva2:662379
Public defence
2013-11-29, Samhällsvetarhuset, Samvetet, Umeå Universitet, Umeå, 10:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2013-11-08 Created: 2013-11-07 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved
List of papers
1. Mental Health Predicted by Coping, Social Support, and Resilience among Young Unwed Pregnant Malaysian Women and Mothers Living in Shelter Homes
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Mental Health Predicted by Coping, Social Support, and Resilience among Young Unwed Pregnant Malaysian Women and Mothers Living in Shelter Homes
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This exploratory study examines the prediction of mental health by social support, resilience and coping among Malaysian unwed young pregnant women and unwed young mothers during their stay in shelter homes in Malaysia. Methods: 79 unwed young pregnant women and unwed young mothers in nine shelter homes in Malaysian provinces were investigated in a follow-up by the Interview Schedule for Social Interaction, the Ways of Coping questionnaire, the Child and Youth Resilience Measure, the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ28), and the Beck Depression Inventory in Malay language. Results: Cognitive and behavioural depressive symptoms as well as the total GHQ and depression severity were slightly, but significantly higher at the first assessment. The unwed young mothers reported that they applied confrontive coping more often at the 1st assessment than at the 2nd assessment; but, that more attachment being available at the 1st assessment. Between 14 % for depressive-behavioural symptoms and 36 % for general health at the 2nd assessment could be explained by the variance in social support, coping, and resilience at the 1st assessment. Conclusions: The level of resilience, coping or social support among unwed young pregnant women and unwed young mothers did not substantially change after they had been spent a certain period of time in a shelter home. The unmarried young mothers reported a serious level of psychological symptoms supporting the assumption that many of them suffered from a moderate to severe depression that was untreated. These institutions do not provide effective services for the vulnerable unmarried young mothers that meet their psychological and social needs or improve their coping or resilience.

Keyword
unwed pregnant women, shelter home, Malaysia, coping, resilience, social support, mental health
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82714 (URN)
Available from: 2013-11-06 Created: 2013-11-06 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved
2. The Teenager’s Experiences of Pregnancy and Reactions from Parents and Partners: A Malaysian Perspective
Open this publication in new window or tab >>The Teenager’s Experiences of Pregnancy and Reactions from Parents and Partners: A Malaysian Perspective
2014 (English)In: Journal of family Violence, ISSN 0885-7482, E-ISSN 1573-2851, Vol. 29, no 4, 465-472 p.Article in journal (Other academic) Published
Abstract [en]

This qualitative research focuses on the experiences of unwed teenage mothers in Malaysia in respect to the reactions of their parents and the fathers of their babies and how the reactions from significant others influence these unwed teenage mothers. The investigation was based on content analysis of interviews with seventeen unwed teenage mothers, aged 12 to 18 years, during their probation or placement in shelter houses. The results show that most unwed teenage mothers became pregnant as a result of rape or statutory rape, and thus were at risk of developing mental health problems. Three themes were developed to describe the reactions of their families and the fathers of their babies: secrecy, repression and rejection. Four additional themes – feeling detached, trapped, unworthy and ambiguous–were developed to describe the teenagers’ experiences of pregnancy.

Keyword
rape, teenage pregnancy, repression, rejection, Malaysia, social work practice.
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82713 (URN)10.1007/s10896-014-9595-4 (DOI)000335923900013 ()
Available from: 2013-11-06 Created: 2013-11-06 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
3. Listen to the Voices of Unwed Teenage Mothers in Malaysian Shelter Homes: an Explorative Study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Listen to the Voices of Unwed Teenage Mothers in Malaysian Shelter Homes: an Explorative Study
2013 (English)In: Global Journal of Health Science, ISSN 1916-9736, E-ISSN 1916-9744, ISSN 1916-9736, Vol. 5, no 5, 20-30 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This qualitative research aims to explore the daily life experiences of Malaysian unwed teenage mothers inshelter homes. The research is based on the thematic analysis of interviews with seventeen respondents agedfrom 12 to 18 years. Eight sub-themes described the experience of the unwed teenage mothers in the shelterhome and led to three overall themes: rules and regulations, relationship with the staff and relationship with theother girls at the shelter home. The findings indicated that the shelter homes involved were not fulfilling thestandard of the Malaysian national laws and United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. We stronglysuggest that the authorities provide a clear guideline concerning the implementation of Malaysian national lawsand United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Canada: , 2013
Keyword
unwed teenage mothers, shelter home, residential care, social work, Malaysia
National Category
Social Work
Research subject
Public health; Sociology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-72860 (URN)10.5539/gjhs.v5n5p20 (DOI)
Available from: 2013-06-13 Created: 2013-06-13 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved
4. Social Support in Relation to Coping, Resilience and Mental Health among Unwed Pregnant Teenagers and Teenage Mothers in Malaysia: A Mixed-Methods Approach
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Social Support in Relation to Coping, Resilience and Mental Health among Unwed Pregnant Teenagers and Teenage Mothers in Malaysia: A Mixed-Methods Approach
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The importance and availability of social support is described relating to coping, resilience andmental health among unwed pregnant teenagers and teenage mothers in Malaysia during theirstay in a shelter home based on analyses of interviews with 17 teenagers and questionnairescompleted by them. These teenagers have poor social support in terms of availability andadequacy, especially from their parents. The authorities and the staff in shelter homes are advisedto take social support aspects seriously, especially from the family, since they play a vital role inthe well-being and mental health of unwed pregnant teenagers and teenage mothers.

Keyword
unwed young pregnant women, social support, coping, resilience, mental health, Malaysia, shelter home
National Category
Social Work
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-82715 (URN)
Available from: 2013-11-06 Created: 2013-11-06 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(1300 kB)2200 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1300 kBChecksum SHA-512
d423ffa2fe35f4e8ab2dabcaa5cdd20cb0bb782a17a44507d99ad41393d159825a855f273ba535344b232318bd0e3a35cd9e2e489562f42c4db0ccd47438530b
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Authority records BETA

Saim, Nor Jana Bte

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Saim, Nor Jana Bte
By organisation
Department of Social Work
Social Work

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 2200 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

isbn
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

isbn
urn-nbn
Total: 1146 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf