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Increased sternocleidomastoid, but not trapezius, muscle activity in response to increased chewing load
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pharmacology and Clinical Neuroscience, Clinical Neuroscience.
Umeå University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Odontology, Clinical Oral Physiology.
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Oral Sciences, ISSN 0909-8836, E-ISSN 1600-0722, Vol. 121, no 5, 443-449 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Previous findings, during chewing, that boluses of larger size and harder texture result in larger amplitudes of both mandibular and head-neck movements suggest a relationship between increased chewing load and incremental recruitment of jaw and neck muscles. The present report evaluated jaw (masseter and digastric) and neck [sternocleidomastoid (SCM) and trapezius] muscle activity during the chewing of test foods of different sizes and textures by 10 healthy subjects. Muscle activity was recorded by surface electromyography and simultaneous mandibular and head movements were recorded using an optoelectronic technique. Each subject performed continuous jaw-opening/jaw-closing movements whilst chewing small and large boluses of chewing gum and rubber silicone (Optosil). For jaw opening/jaw closing without a bolus, SCM activity was recorded for jaw opening concomitantly with digastric activity. During chewing, SCM activity was recorded for jaw closing concomitantly with masseter activity. Trapezius activity was present in some, but not all, cycles. For the masseter and SCM muscles, higher activity was seen with larger test foods, suggesting increased demand and recruitment of these muscles in response to an increased chewing load. This result reinforces the previous notion of a close functional connection between the jaw and the neck motor systems in jaw actions and has scientific and clinical significance for studying jaw function and dysfunction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Blackwell, 2013. Vol. 121, no 5, 443-449 p.
Keyword [en]
electromyography, masticatory muscles, mastication, jaw, neck muscles
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83091DOI: 10.1111/eos.12066ISI: 000324315700008OAI: diva2:664988
Available from: 2013-11-18 Created: 2013-11-18 Last updated: 2013-11-18Bibliographically approved

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Häggman-Henrikson, BirgittaNordh, ErikEriksson, Per-Olof
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