umu.sePublikationer
Ändra sökning
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Using action observation to study superior motor performance: a pilot fMRI study
Umeå universitet, Samhällsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS). Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).ORCID-id: 0000-0002-4458-6475
Umeå universitet, Medicinska fakulteten, Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI).
2013 (Engelska)Ingår i: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, ISSN 1662-5161, E-ISSN 1662-5161, Vol. 7, artikel-id 819Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat) Published
Abstract [en]

The most efficient way to acquire motor skills may be through physical practice. Nevertheless, it has also been shown that action observation may improve motor performance. The aim of the present pilot study was to examine a potential action observation paradigm used to (1) capture the superior performance of expert athletes and (2) capture the underlying neural mechanisms of successful action observation in relation to task experience. We used functional magnetic resonance imaging to measure regional blood flow while presenting videos of a hockey player shooting a puck toward a hockey goal. The videos (a total of 120) where stopped at different time frames with different amount of information provided, creating a paradigm with three different levels of difficulty to decide the fate of a shot. Since this was only a pilot study, we first tested the paradigm behaviorally on six elite expert hockey players, five intermediate players, and six non-hockey playing controls. The results showed that expert hockey players were significantly (p < 0.05) more accurate on deciding the fate of the action compared to the others. Thus, it appears as if the paradigm can capture superior performance of expert athletes (aim 1). We then tested three of the hockey players and three of the controls on the same paradigm in the MRI scanner to investigate the underlying neural mechanisms of successful action anticipation. The imaging results showed that when expert hockey players observed and correctly anticipated situations, they recruited motor and temporal regions of the brain. Novices, on the other hand, relied on visual regions during observation and prefrontal regions during action decision. Thus, the results from the imaging data suggest that different networks of the brain are recruited depending on task experience (aim 2). In conclusion, depending on the level of motor skill of the observer, when correctly anticipating actions different neural systems will be recruited.

Ort, förlag, år, upplaga, sidor
Frontiers Research Foundation , 2013. Vol. 7, artikel-id 819
Nyckelord [en]
motor representations, action observation, fMRI, expert performance, cognitive neuroscience
Nationell ämneskategori
Neurovetenskaper Psykologi
Identifikatorer
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83137DOI: 10.3389/fnhum.2013.00819ISI: 000328041500001PubMedID: 24348365OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-83137DiVA, id: diva2:665049
Forskningsfinansiär
Centrum för IdrottsforskningTillgänglig från: 2013-11-18 Skapad: 2013-11-18 Senast uppdaterad: 2018-06-08Bibliografiskt granskad

Open Access i DiVA

fulltext(4318 kB)446 nedladdningar
Filinformation
Filnamn FULLTEXT01.pdfFilstorlek 4318 kBChecksumma SHA-512
8fb91d4e70373be49266329d64dea360a2a776f9881456ecc699c862635f75a13083b5571c45bd9cc27e4118893be938ed340224d42bd2e233e4bee06bf9470b
Typ fulltextMimetyp application/pdf

Övriga länkar

Förlagets fulltextPubMed

Personposter BETA

Olsson, Carl-Johan

Sök vidare i DiVA

Av författaren/redaktören
Olsson, Carl-Johan
Av organisationen
Centrum för befolkningsstudier (CBS)Umeå centrum för funktionell hjärnavbildning (UFBI)
I samma tidskrift
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
NeurovetenskaperPsykologi

Sök vidare utanför DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Totalt: 446 nedladdningar
Antalet nedladdningar är summan av nedladdningar för alla fulltexter. Det kan inkludera t.ex tidigare versioner som nu inte längre är tillgängliga.

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn

Altmetricpoäng

doi
pubmed
urn-nbn
Totalt: 264 träffar
RefereraExporteraLänk till posten
Permanent länk

Direktlänk
Referera
Referensformat
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Annat format
Fler format
Språk
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Annat språk
Fler språk
Utmatningsformat
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf