Postoperative complications after closure of a diverting ileostoma-differences according to closure technique
2012 (English)In: International Journal of Colorectal Disease, ISSN 0179-1958, E-ISSN 1432-1262, Vol. 27, no 1, 55-58 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare three methods for closure of a diverting ileostoma according to development of postoperative small-bowel obstruction (SBO) and anastomotic leakage (AL).
METHODS: Complications arising within 30 days after closure of a defunctioning loop ileostomy in 351 patients during the period 1999-2006 were studied retrospectively by evaluation of case records. The techniques employed were: hand-sewn anastomosis without bowel resection, hand-sewn anastomosis with bowel resection and stapled anastomosis.
RESULTS: Of the 351 patients, 149 had a hand-sewn anastomosis without bowel resection (HS), 70 had a hand-sewn anastomosis with bowel resection (HSR) and 132 patients had a stapled anastomosis (S). The total number of SBOs was 44 patients (12.5%). In the two hand-sewn groups, 15.5% (34 patients) suffered postoperative SBO compared to 7.6% (10 patients) in the stapled group (p = 0.029). No difference in AL could be found between the groups, where the overall frequency was 2.8% (10 patients). Median hospital stay was 6 days in the HS group, 5 days in the HSR group and 4 days in the S group (p = 0.001).
CONCLUSION: In the present study, stapled anastomosis was associated with a lower frequency of postoperative SBO and a shorter hospital stay compared to sutured anastomosis (either with or without a short small-bowel resection) after closure of a diverting ileostoma.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2012. Vol. 27, no 1, 55-58 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83424DOI: 10.1007/s00384-011-1287-4PubMedID: 21845418OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-83424DiVA: diva2:667106