Local excision in early rectal cancer-outcome worse than expected: a population based study
2013 (English)In: European Journal of Surgical Oncology, ISSN 0748-7983, E-ISSN 1532-2157, Vol. 39, no 6, 634-639 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Considering the morbidity and mortality after abdominal surgery for rectal cancer, our aim was to determine whether local excision in Stage I rectal cancer provides long-term survival equivalent to TME surgery, particularly in elderly patients.
METHODS: Data on 3694 consecutive patients with Stage I rectal cancer operated 1995-2006, were collected from the Swedish Rectal Cancer Register, a population-based, prospectively sampled data-base. Risk factors for death within 5 years after surgery, local recurrence rates, cumulative relative and overall survival rates were calculated for patients ≥ and <80 years-of-age. ASA grading related to surgical technique was analysed in a separate sample.
RESULTS: Local excision (LE) was associated with an increased mortality risk both ≥80 (HR 1.55) and <80 years-of-age (HR 1.45). After LE the 5-year local recurrence rate was 11.2% and the total and relative cumulative 5-year survival was 0.62 and 0.81 respectively. Hartmann's procedure (HA) showed an increased mortality risk only in younger patients (HR 2.15). The overall local recurrence rate was 7.2% with HA. Male gender (HR 1.70) and age (HR 1.06) were associated with a significantly increased mortality risk in all age groups. The ASA-grade was higher among patients operated with LE compared to Anterior Resection/Abdominoperineal resection.
CONCLUSION: Local excision has a poor outcome in the elderly. A negative selection bias towards old age and high co-morbidity could explain this. Hartmann's procedure has a high risk for mortality and local recurrence in younger patients.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 39, no 6, 634-639 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83431DOI: 10.1016/j.ejso.2013.01.004PubMedID: 23414776OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-83431DiVA: diva2:667126