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Paikallissijaisten saneiden funktiot ruotsinkielisten alkeistason suomenoppijoiden teksteissä
Umeå University, Faculty of Arts, Department of language studies.
2013 (Finnish)In: Lähivôrdlusi. Lähivertailuja, ISSN 1736-9290, no 23, 238-264 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


This article investigates how frequently and in what functions Swedish-speaking

beginners-level learners of Finnish use the six local cases.

The specific focus of

the article is on the comparison of correct and incorrect use of the local cases

in their

different functions. The investigation is corpus-based, and the material

used in the study is the Swedish sub-corpus of the electronic corpus entitled

The International Corpus of Learner Finnish. The texts were compiled during

the period 2006–2009 at Umeå University.

The research material, which was

analysed using WordSmith Tools software contains a total of 43 496 word tokens,

of which 4 408 are

inflected in the local cases. The analysis to find out the different

functions in which the local cases occur was carried out manually, because

at the time of the analysis the corpus was not yet linguistically annotated.


The corpus is divided into four groups: place, time, verb government and


The results show that learners use the local cases mostly to express concrete


This is natural because on the beginners’ level the most elementary

functions of local cases are presented and learned. However, the material

contains many occurrences of verbs that govern a local case, and there are also

different types of expressions of time. The group designated “Others” includes

occurrences of local cases in various functions, for instance, the adessive case

expressing possessor, instrument, or vehicle.

In most expressions, the learners use the local cases correctly. Only in 7% of

the expressions did the learners choose an incorrect local case; these errors are

to be found mostly in expressions of concrete places and imply an overuse of the

allative case. Expressions of time or verb-governed local cases seem to be easier

for the learners. However, in expressions of time the adessive case is sometimes

used incorrectly instead of the essive case which is not systematically presented

in the beginners-level course. Incorrect adessive use instead of verb-governed

allative also occurs frequently.

The conclusion of this investigation is that Swedish-speaking beginnerslevel

learners of Finnish have already mastered the basic functions and uses of

the Finnish local cases, despite the fact that the expressions of local and directional

relations in Swedish and Finnish are structured very

differently, reflecting

a different perception of the world. The results of this study can be utilized in

teaching and in producing teaching materials for courses in Finnish as a foreign language.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Tallinn: Tallinn universitet , 2013. no 23, 238-264 p.
Keyword [en]
learner Finnish, Swedish-speaking learner, beginners-level. local cases, functions of the local cases, corpus-based investigation
Keyword [fi]
oppijansuomi, ruotsinkielinen oppija, alkeistaso, paikallissijat, paikallissijaisten saneiden funktiot, korpuspohjainen tutkimus
National Category
Specific Languages
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83530DOI: 10.5128/LV23.10OAI: diva2:668587
Available from: 2013-12-01 Created: 2013-12-01 Last updated: 2014-02-14Bibliographically approved

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