BDNF abolishes the survival effect of NT-3 in axotomized Clarke neurons of adult rats
2000 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Neurology, ISSN 0021-9967, E-ISSN 1096-9861, Vol. 428, no 4, 671-680 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) have previously been shown to support survival and axonal regeneration in various types of neurons. Also, synergistic neuroprotective effects of these neurotrophins have been reported in descending rubrospinal neurons after cervical spinal cord injury (Novikova et al.,  Eur. J. Neurosci. 12:776-780). The present study investigates the effects of intrathecally delivered NT-3 and BDNF on the survival and atrophy of ascending spinocerebellar neurons of Clarke nucleus (CN) after cervical spinal cord injury in adult rats. At 8 weeks after cervical spinal cord hemisection, 40% of the axotomized CN neurons had been lost, and the remaining cells exhibited marked atrophy. Microglial activity was significantly increased in CN of the operated side. Intrathecal infusion of NT-3 for 8 weeks postoperatively resulted in 91% cell survival and a reduction in cell atrophy, but did not reduce microglial activity. In spite of the fact that the CN neurons expressed both TrkC and TrkB receptors, only NT-3 had a neuroprotective effect, whereas BDNF was ineffective. Furthermore, when a combination of BDNF and NT-3 was administered, the neuroprotective effect of NT-3 was lost. The present results indicate a therapeutic potential for NT-3 in the treatment of spinal cord injury, but also demonstrate that in certain neuronal populations the neuroprotection obtained by a combination of neurotrophic factors may be less than that of a single neurotrophin.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley-Liss, Inc. , 2000. Vol. 428, no 4, 671-680 p.
neurotrophins, nitric oxide synthase, spinal cord injury, spinocerebellar neurons, TrkB, TrkC
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-83723DOI: 10.1002/1096-9861(20001225)428:4<671::AID-CNE7>3.0.CO;2-HISI: 000165387300007PubMedID: 11077420OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-83723DiVA: diva2:676121