Macro-molecules as a Source of Levulinic Acid
(English)In: International Review of Chemical Engineering, ISSN 2035-1755Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
The production of levulinic acid from biomass and macromolecules has been reviewed. It was concluded that the most important parameters in the one-pot hydrolysis of biomass, also including dehydration of glucose to hydroxymethylfurfural as well as its further rehydration to formic and levulinic acids, respectively, are the reaction temperature, initial reactant concentration, acid type as well as the raw material applied. The theoretical maximum yield can hardly be obtained due to formation of humins. Further, the optimum reaction conditions as well as the influence of the catalyst and biomass type are also discussed.
Biomass, acid catalysts, levulinic acid
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84661OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-84661DiVA: diva2:687390