Treatment effect of ozone and fluoride varnish application on occlusal caries in primary molars: a 12-month study
2014 (English)In: Clinical Oral Investigations, ISSN 1432-6981, E-ISSN 1436-3771, Vol. 18, no 7, 1835-1843 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
AIM: The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of ozone and fluoride varnish on occlusal caries in primary molars in a split-mouth study.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: Caries risk was estimated by treating Public Dental Health Service dentists. Children with occlusal caries with Ekstrand index scores ≤3 (VI ≤3) were included. Selection of caries lesions was discontinued for ethical reasons due to non-acceptable clinical results during the follow-up. In the continued evaluation pairs of teeth with non-cavitated caries lesions, Ekstrand score ≤2a (VI ≤2) were selected. Fifty pairs of carious primary molars were included, 18 boys and 15 girls (mean 4.7 years, range 3-8). At baseline, the lesions were assessed by visual inspection (VI) and laser-induced fluorescence (LF), in each pair to treatment with 40 s ozone (HealOzone(TM), 2,100 ppm) or fluoride varnish Duraphat®. The treatments and evaluations were repeated at 3, 6 9 months and evaluations only at 12 months.
RESULTS: Medium-high caries risk was observed in VI ≤3 children and low-medium risk in VI ≤2a children. In the 15 pairs VI ≤3 lesions, 8 treated with ozone and 9 with fluoride progressed to failure. In the 35 pairs VI ≤2a lesions, one lesion failed. Median baseline LF values in the VI ≤3 group were 76 and 69, for ozone and fluoride lesions, respectively, and 21 and 19 in the VI ≤2a group. At 12 months, LF values in the VI ≤2a group were 15 and 18. No improvement or difference in LF values was found over time between the caries lesions treated with ozone or fluoride.
CONCLUSIONS: Neither ozone nor fluoride varnish treatments stopped the progression of caries in cavitated lesions. In low and medium caries risk children, non-cavitated lesions following both treatments showed slight or no progression. The use of ozone or fluoride varnish treatments in this regime as caries preventive method, added to the daily use of fluoridated toothpaste, to arrest caries progression in primary molars must therefore be questioned.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer Berlin/Heidelberg, 2014. Vol. 18, no 7, 1835-1843 p.
T cells, aggressive periodontitis, Porphyromonas gingivalis, cytokine production
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84709DOI: 10.1007/s00784-013-1160-7ISI: 000341417400011PubMedID: 24327235OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-84709DiVA: diva2:688508
Originaly published in thesis in manuscript form, by authors: Johansson, E, Karlsson, L and Andersson-Wenckert, I.
Published online: 11 December 20132014-01-172014-01-172015-06-22Bibliographically approved