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Human capital, skills and uneven intra-urban employment growth: The case of Göteborg, Sweden 1990-2008
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Geography and Economic History.
2014 (English)In: Urban Studies Research, ISSN 2090-4185, E-ISSN 2090-4193, Vol. 2014, 260813Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Recent research has elucidated the role of talents to explain urban growth differences but it remains to be shown whether urban dynamics, such as human capital and a mixed local population, can be linked to intra-urban employment growth. By use of a unique longitudinal database, we track the economic development through the lens of intra-urban employment growth of a number of primary urban areas (PUA) in Göteborg, Sweden. Regarding factors influencing employment growth we find that relative concentrations of human capital protect areas from rising unemployment during severe recession (1990-1993) and recovery (1990-2000) while the composition of skills is beneficial during recovery (1990-2000) and long-term growth (1990-2008). Our findings suggest that neither too high concentrations of creative occupations, nor too low, is beneficial. Thus, human capital drives much of the employment changes in relation to the recession and early transition from manufacturing to service but composition of skills is more relevant for explaining long-term intra-urban employment growth.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2014. Vol. 2014, 260813
Keyword [en]
Employment growth, Intra-urban, Skills, Human capital, Composition, OLS, Primary urban area
National Category
Social and Economic Geography Economic Geography
Research subject
Social and Economic Geography
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84846DOI: 10.1155/2014/260813OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-84846DiVA: diva2:689527
Available from: 2014-01-21 Created: 2014-01-21 Last updated: 2017-12-06Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf