Semantic structure and meaning within agentive nominal compounds: Evidence from French and Swedish
2010 (English)In: Word Structure, ISSN 1750-1245, Vol. 3, no 2, 181-204 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study addresses agentive nominal compounds in French and Swedish containing N and V constituents. French has only one such compound, VN, whereas Swedish has at least four, NV-are, NV-a, NV and VN. The study explores the semantic characteristics of their constituents and their semantic structures. Formal aspects are also considered within a lexeme-based morphology. The analysis shows that, although French and Swedish compounds differ formally, they share more or less the same semantics. Their V constituent takes one or more arguments, and their N constituents display several semantic roles. Semantically, the compounds generally denote an Actor of verbs taking two arguments, and the N constituents denote an Undergoer, except in Swedish VN compounds, which denote an entity which fills the same role as that of the N constituent, generally an Actor. Non argumental interpretations, such as Place or Event, are less frequent. In conclusion, the study can have typological value for the semantics of agentive nominal compounds.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press , 2010. Vol. 3, no 2, 181-204 p.
General Language Studies and Linguistics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84853DOI: 10.3366/word.2010.0004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-84853DiVA: diva2:689572