Health economic costs of COPD in Sweden by disease severity: has it changed during a ten years period?
2013 (English)In: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 107, no 12, 1931-1938 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of the presented study were to estimate societal costs of COPD in Sweden, the relationship between costs and disease severity, and possible changes in the costs during the last decade.
METHODS: Subjects with COPD derived from the general population in Northern Sweden were interviewed by telephone regarding their resource utilisation and productivity losses four times quarterly during 2009-10. Mean annual costs were estimated for each severity stage of COPD.
RESULTS: A strong relationship was found between disease severity and costs. Estimated mean annual costs per subject of mild, moderate, severe and very severe COPD amounted to 596 (SEK 5686), 3245 (SEK 30,957), 5686 (SEK 54,242), and 17,355 euros (SEK 165,569), respectively. The main cost drivers for direct costs were hospitalisations (for very severe COPD) and drugs (all other severity stages). The main cost driver for indirect costs was productivity loss due to sick-leave (for mild COPD) and early retirement (all other severity stages). Costs appeared to be lower in 2010 than in 1999 for subjects with severe and very severe COPD, but higher for those with mild and moderate COPD.
CONCLUSION: Our results show that costs of COPD are strongly related to disease severity, and scaling the data to the whole Swedish population indicates that the total costs in Sweden amounted to 1.5 billion euros (SEK 13.9 bn) in 2010. In addition, costs have decreased since 1999 for subjects with severe and very severe COPD, but increased for those with mild and moderate COPD.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013. Vol. 107, no 12, 1931-1938 p.
Health Care Service and Management, Health Policy and Services and Health Economy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-84946DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2013.07.012PubMedID: 23910072OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-84946DiVA: diva2:690308