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Livsmedelsval vid vegankost: Intagsfrekvenser av livsmedel och kosttillskott
Umeå University, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Food and Nutrition.
2013 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Food choices on vegan diet : Intake frequencies of food and dietary supplements (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund Vid vegankost är det viktigt att vara uppmärksam på att man får i sig alla näringsämnen som kroppen behöver. Extra uppmärksam behöver man vara på till exempel vitamin B12, vitamin D, omega-3-fettsyror, järn, kalcium, jod och selen. Få studier belyser livsmedelsval och intagsfrekvenser av livsmedel vid vegankost.

Syfte Att undersöka livsmedelsval och intagsfrekvenser av livsmedel samt kosttillskott hos vuxna personer i Sverige som lever på vegankost.

Metod Livsmedelsval och intagsfrekvenser hos målgruppen undersöktes med hjälp av en webbenkät. Webbenkäten publicerades på webbsidan Facebook. Studiens inklusionskriterier var att informanterna åt vegankost, var ≥18 år och bodde i Sverige. Frekvenstabeller, korstabeller och Chi2-test användes vid analys av data.

Resultat Det var 335 informanter som besvarade enkäten. Flest informanter valde främst ekologiska livsmedel (n=266). Det var 91 procent som åt baljväxter några gånger i veckan eller oftare. Av deltagarna åt 45 procent D-vitamintillskott några gånger i veckan eller oftare. De som var ≥30 år valde i högre utsträckning omega-3-tillskott jämfört med yngre personer (p<0,001). Högskole- och universitetsutbildade valde i högre utsträckning omega-3-tillskott (p=0,034) och fullkornsprodukter (p=0,035) än de utan högskoleutbildning. De som hade ätit vegankost >3 år åt omega-3-tillskott i högre utsträckning än de som ätit vegankost ≤3 år (p=0,002).

Slutsats Denna studie visar att många av informanterna hade hög intagsfrekvens av näringsrika livsmedel, men vissa hade låg intagsfrekvens av dessa livsmedel. En ålder över 30 år, högskoleutbildning samt om man ätit vegankost tre år eller längre påverkade livsmedelsval och frekvenser på ett positivt sätt. Många informanter valde att ta tillskott av algolja. Det är viktigt att nå ut med tydliga kostråd till personer som äter vegankost.

Abstract [en]

Background On a vegan diet it is important to make sure that one receives the nutrients that the body needs; for example vitamin B12, vitamin D, omega-3 fatty acids, iron, calcium, iodine and selenium. Few studies are made on food choices and food intake frequencies among people on a vegan diet.

Objective To investigate food choices and intake frequencies of food and nutritional supplements among adults on a vegan diet in Sweden.

Methods The objective was investigated by using a web based questionnaire. The web based questionnaire was published on the website Facebook. The criteria for inclusion were to be on a vegan diet, ≥18 years old and live in Sweden. Frequency tables, cross tables and Chi square test were used when analyzing data.

Results The questionnaire was answered by 335 informants. Most of the informants chose organic foodstuffs. Pulses were eaten by 91 percent a few times a week or more often. Out of the participants 45 percent took vitamin D supplements a few times a week or more often. People who were ≥30 years were more likely to take omega-3 supplements compared to younger people (p<0.001). University-educated people took omega-3 supplements (p=0.034) and ate whole grain products (p=0.035) more frequently than the ones without university education. Informants who had lived on a vegan diet >3 years took omega-3 supplements more often than the ones who had lived on a vegan diet ≤3 years (p=0.002).

Conclusion Many of the informants had a high intake frequency of nutritious foodstuffs, but some had a low intake frequency. An age >30 years, university education and being on a vegan diet for ≥3 years positively affected intake. Many informants took supplements of algae oil. It is important to make sure that proper dietary advice is given to people on a vegan diet.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2013.
Keyword [sv]
vegankost, livsmedelsval, intagsfrekvens, vitaminer, mineraler, algolja
National Category
Food Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-85016DiVA: diva2:690877
Subject / course
Examensarbete inom dietistprogrammet
Educational program
Degree of Bachelor in Dietetics
Available from: 2014-01-28 Created: 2014-01-25 Last updated: 2014-01-28Bibliographically approved

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