Pain in a Swedish spinal cord injury population
2003 (English)In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 17, no 6, 685-690 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
OBJECTIVE: To describe pain and associated variables in a prevalence group of persons with a sustained spinal cord injury (SCI) in the Swedish capital and its surroundings.
SETTING: Spinalis SCI Unit (outpatient clinic), Stockholm, Sweden.
DESIGN: Assessment over a 12-month period in a yearly health control.
SUBJECTS: Four hundred and fifty-six SCI patients.
RESULTS: Two hundred and ninety-one out of 456 SCI patients (63.7%) suffered from pain, and in 45.7% of these it was classified as being neurogenic. Aching pain was the most used descriptor (38.5%). The onset of pain was commonly within three months (73.5%). In 70.4% of patients pain occurred below the level of the lesion. Most patients identified pain as coming from one (55.0%) or two (28.2%) body regions. Rating of the general pain intensity on a visual analogue scale (VAS) was 46 out of 100 and rating of the worst pain intensity was 78 out of 100. Ninety-four out of 276 patients (32.3%) considered that their quality of life was significantly affected by pain.
CONCLUSION: Pain was most common in patients with incomplete lesions (ASIA impairment grade D) and there was a correlation between pain and higher mean age at injury and between pain and female gender.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2003. Vol. 17, no 6, 685-690 p.
Medical and Health Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85060DOI: 10.1191/0269215503cr664oaPubMedID: 12971714OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-85060DiVA: diva2:691445