Compaction of recent varved lake sediments
2013 (English)In: GFF, ISSN 1103-5897, E-ISSN 2000-0863, Vol. 135, no 3-4, 231-236 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
To assess the rates of compaction in recent, varved (annually laminated) lake sediments, we used a collection of 13 freeze cores sampled from 1979 to 2012 in Nylandssjon (northern Sweden). This unique series of stored freeze cores allowed us to measure how the thickness of individual varves changed when they were overlain by new varves. The compaction rate was greatest during the first few years after deposition; varve thickness decreased by 60% after 5 years (sediment depth 5cm). Thereafter, the compaction rate declined, but after 33 years (the study period) there was still a weak trend of continued compaction (sediment depth 12cm). The rate of compaction is clearly linked to loss of water along with an increase in dry-bulk density of the sediment. Despite compaction causing considerable varve thickness changes over time, the year-to-year variation in varve thickness is preserved while sediment ages. Understanding compaction processes is of fundamental importance to paleolimnology, for example in studies involving calibration of varve thicknesses of recent varves against environmental parameters.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Taylor & Francis, 2013. Vol. 135, no 3-4, 231-236 p.
varved lake sediment, compaction, varve thickness, bulk density, diagenesis, post-depositional changes, paleolimnology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85095DOI: 10.1080/11035897.2013.788551ISI: 000327571800002OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-85095DiVA: diva2:691764
Special Issue: Varve Genesis, Chronology and Paleoclimate2014-01-282014-01-282016-06-30Bibliographically approved