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Influence of the synthesis parameters on the physico-chemical and catalytic properties of cerium oxide for application in the synthesis of diethyl carbonate
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2013 (English)In: Materials Chemistry and Physics, ISSN 0254-0584, Vol. 143, no 1, 65-75 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Synthesis of cerium (IV) oxide by means of room temperature precipitation method was carried out. The effect of preparation variables such as synthesis time, calcination temperature and pH of the solution on resulting CeO2 properties was discussed. Moreover, the comparison of CeO2 samples prepared in a static and rotation mode of synthesis is presented. The solid catalysts were characterized by means of X-ray powder diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscope, nitrogen physisorption, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy using pyridine as a probe molecule and temperature programmed desorption of CO2. Significant variations in physicochemical properties of CeO2 by varying the preparation conditions were observed. Furthermore, the catalytic performances of CeO2 catalysts were compared in the synthesis of diethyl carbonate starting from ethanol and CeO2 using butylene oxide as a dehydrating agent. The dependence of CeO2 properties on its catalytic activity is evaluated in detail. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Elsevier, 2013. Vol. 143, no 1, 65-75 p.
Keyword [en]
Inorganic compounds, Photoelectron spectroscopy, Surface properties, Oxides
National Category
Chemical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85085DOI: 10.1016/j.matchemphys.2013.08.012ISI: 000327684100011OAI: diva2:691953
Bio4EnergyKnut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation
Available from: 2014-01-29 Created: 2014-01-28 Last updated: 2014-01-29Bibliographically approved

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Kordas, KrisztianShchukarev, AndreyMikkola, Jyri-Pekka
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