Objective: Hypertension is associated with changes in left ventricular(LV) mass and geometry. We tested the impact of isolated systolichypertension (ISH) on normalization of LV structure during antihypertensive treatment.
Methods: Baseline and annual echocardiograms were recorded in 875 hypertensive patients with electrocardiographic signs of LV hypertrophy during 4.8 years randomized losartan or atenolol-based antihypertensive treatment in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint (LIFE) reduction inhypertension study.
Results: Patients with ISH at baseline (n=128) were older, included more women, patients with diabetes or previous myocardial infarctioncompared to non-ISH patients (n=747) (all p<0.05). Baseline systolicblood pressure (BP), LV mass and ejection fraction (EF) did not differ between groups, while pulse pressure/stroke volume index (PP/SVi, an index of arterial stiffness) was higher in the ISH group (p<0.01). At the final study visit, systolic BP, LV mass, relative wall thickness (RWT) and PP/SVi were higher in the ISH group (all p<0.05). In particular, ISH patients had less reduction in LV mass and more residual LV hypertrophy compared to non-ISH patients (p<0.05). In multivariate analysis, ISH at baseline predicted higher LV mass at study end (β=0.53) independent ofhigher baseline LV mass (β=0.54) body mass index (β=0.10), atenolol-based treatment (β=0.09), and higher systolic BP (β=0.07), RWT (β=0.23) and lower LV EF (β=-0.24) at the final visit (all p<0.05), while age, historyof diabetes and PP/SVi were not significant covariates in the model.
Conclusions: Antihypertensive treatment is associated with impairednormalization of LV mass and LV geometry in ISH patients with ECG LV hypertrophy. The findings may help explain the higher cardiovascular event-rate previously reported in LIFE ISH-patients.
Oxford University Press, 2013. Vol. 34, no Supplement: 1, 597-597 p.
Congress of the European-Society-of-Cardiology (ESC), AUG 31-SEP 04, 2013, Amsterdam, NETHERLANDS