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Characterization of Reactor Ash Deposits from Pilot-Scale Pressurized Entrained-Flow Gasification of Woody Biomass
Umeå University, Faculty of Science and Technology, Department of Applied Physics and Electronics.
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2013 (English)In: Energy & Fuels, ISSN 0887-0624, E-ISSN 1520-5029, Vol. 27, no 11, 6801-6814 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Pressurized entrained-flow gasification of renewable forest residues has the potential to produce high-quality syngas suitable for the synthesis of transport fuels and chemicals. The ash transformation behavior during gasification is critical to the overall production process and necessitates a level of understanding to implement appropriate control measures. Toward this end, ash deposits were collected from inside the reactor of a pilot-scale O-2-blown pressurized entrained-flow gasifier firing stem wood, bark, and pulp mill debarking residue (PMDR) in separate campaigns. These deposits were characterized with environmental scanning electron microscopy equipped with energy-dispersive X-ray spectrometry and X-ray diffractometry. The stem wood deposit contained high levels of calcium and was comparatively insubstantial. The bark and PMDR fuels contained contaminant sand and feldspar particles that were subsequently evident in each respective deposit. The bark deposit consisted of lightly sintered ash aggregates comprising presumably a silicate melt that enveloped particles of quartz and, to a lesser degree, feldspars. Discontinuous layers likely to be composed of alkaline-earth metal silicates were found upon the aggregate peripheries. The PMDR deposit consisted of a continuous slag that contained quartz and feldspar particles dispersed within a silicate melt. Significant levels of alkaline-earth and alkali metals constituted the silicate melts of both the bark and PMDR deposits. Overall, the results suggest that fuel contaminants (i.e., quartz and feldspars) play a significant role in the slag formation process during pressurized entrained-flow gasification of these woody biomasses.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
American Chemical Society (ACS), 2013. Vol. 27, no 11, 6801-6814 p.
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URN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-85310DOI: 10.1021/ef401591aISI: 000327557800050OAI: diva2:693922
Available from: 2014-02-05 Created: 2014-01-31 Last updated: 2014-02-05Bibliographically approved

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Boström, DanBackman, Rainer
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