Long-term influences of a preterm birth on movement organization and side specialization in children at 4–8 years of age
2014 (English)In: Developmental Psychobiology, ISSN 0012-1630, E-ISSN 1098-2302, Vol. 56, no 6, 1263-1277 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
This study explored upper-limb and head kinematics during unimanual goal-directed movements in children born preterm (PT) and full-term (FT) aged 4–8 years. Further, functional lateralization was investigated through side-specific kinematics and hand preference observations. Altogether, 141 children were included, divided into three sub-groups based on gestation week at birth (GW). Children born FT (38–41 GW) and moderately PT (33–35 GW) showed faster, smoother, and shorter movement trajectories than children born very PT (V-PT<33 GW). Only children born FT expressed evident side differences that were characterized by smoother movements with the preferred side. Regarding hand preference, the children born V-PT showed increased rates of non-right-handedness compared with the other groups. Regardless of hand preference, the children born V-PT showed less well organized movements compared with the other groups. These findings suggest that spatio-temporal movement organization and side specialization at pre-/early school-age are affected by a PT birth, and more frequently so for children born before 33 GWs, indicating long-lasting influences on neuromotor development and specialization.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Wiley Periodicals, Inc. , 2014. Vol. 56, no 6, 1263-1277 p.
preterm, handedness, laterality, child development, kinematics, motor performance
Research subject Psychology; Pediatrics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:umu:diva-86315DOI: 10.1002/dev.21206ISI: 000340392500009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:umu-86315DiVA: diva2:698501
FunderSwedish Research Council, 2007-2438; 2011-179
Norrbacka-Eugenia Foundation2014-02-222014-02-222014-12-23Bibliographically approved